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The Art of War – Divide & Conquer

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The Art of War

The Roman Republic was restructured due to the rules of the First Triumvirate in 60 BC (Wasson, First Triumvirate , 2016)

Caesar decided an alliance with influential political leaders such as Crassus and Pompey was essential to advance his political causes. Each brought something to the table, Crassus was wealthy and Pompey had invaluable military expertise.

Caesar appeared to be revolutionary in his military accomplishments across numerous battles from his pursuit against the Gallic tribes to the Battle of Morbihan Gulf. Unlike previous leaders, Caesar constantly pushed Rome’s boundaries and continuously trying to conquer Gaul who had previously overthrown Rome 300 years prior.

His constant search for battle and glory deemed significant when landing two excursions in Britain, both appearing to be unsuccessful in areas “beyond the confines of the inhabited world” (Ezov, 1996).

Julius Caesar shows distinct similarities to other political leaders in a contemporary setting when he rashly dissolved his alliance with his cohorts, Pompey and Crassus, over brewing tensions surrounding the deployment of legions in Gaul. Upon return to Rome, Caesar’s once formed alliance of the First Triumvirate were destroyed as he led his army over the Rubicon River (Lendering, Gaius Caesar: Civil War, 1997). This resourced to a breach of the rules in command set out by the senate while ultimately triggering what is commonly known as Caesars Civil War and the inevitable formation of his dictatorship.

Ezov, A. (1996). The “Missing Dimension” of C. Julius Caesar. Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 67.

Lendering, J. (1997). Gaius Caesar: Civil War. Retrieved from

Wasson, D. L. (2016). First Triumvirate . Retrieved from Ancient History Encyclopedia :

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