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The US Air Force’s top general gets a taste of Finnish fighter tactics

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KUOPIO AIR BASE, Finland — On a cool summer morning over the forests of Finland, the U.S. Air Force’s top general flew in the backseat of an F/A-18 Hornet, observing a Finnish pilot conducting an air defense training mission.

The singular experience, which capped off Chief of Staff Gen. Dave Goldfein’s first trip to Finland July 14 and 15, highlighted the deepening relationship between the U.S. and Finnish militaries.

U.S. and Finnish officials who spoke to Defense News during the visit could not point to another example of the service’s top general flying in a Finnish fighter. And while such flights aren’t uncommon among the U.S. Air Force and its closest allies, Finland is notably not a part of NATO.

“When I fly with another country, there’s actually a message there of mutual trust and confidence and really an opportunity to highlight the professionalism of their air force,” Goldfein said after his July 15 flight. “From brief, to execution in the air, to the debrief … I could have been at Nellis Air Force Base with any of our F/A-18, F-15, F-35, F-22 pilots, and I couldn’t tell the difference.”

U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Dave Goldfein lands at Kuopio Air Base after a flight with the Finnish air force on July 16. (Valerie Insinna/Staff).
U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Dave Goldfein lands at Kuopio Air Base after a flight with the Finnish air force on July 16. (Valerie Insinna/Staff).

The sortie played like a textbook encounter in a defensive counter-air mission, Goldfein said, commending the “exceptional” quality of the Finnish pilots.

Goldfein’s pilot flew in a two aircraft formation against four other jets. The fighter was tasked with preventing the enemy from bombing a key target. The experience allowed the U.S. general to see Finnish tactics in action, hear communications across the radio, and observe how the Finnish pilot used radar and data links.

“He is a getting a view on how we operate. Now he can see with his own eyes and hear the discussion,” said Col. Juha-Pekka Keranen, deputy chief of staff for Finland’s air force. “That’s the main point.”

Over the two day trip, Goldfein spoke to Finnish military officials — including air chief Maj. Gen. Pasi Jokinen and defense chief Gen. Jarmo Lindberg — about a variety of topics, including air base resiliency, space operations, command and control capabilities and opportunities for cooperation in a changing threat environment. Before the trip to Finland, Goldfein met with Estonian defense officials on July 13, marking his first stop at the country as the head of the U.S. Air Force.

Unsurprisingly, both countries see Russia’s invasion of Crimea as a “significant turning point” and have become more cognizant of their eastern neighbor’s military capability after its takeover of the Ukrainian territory in 2014, Goldfein said.

“[There are] huge seeds of distrust between them and Russia. Let’s just say they take the threat seriously and their interest in partnering with us is incredibly important to them.”

That sentiment was echoed by Jokinen, Goldfein’s Finnish counterpart, who said that Finland’s air force has been operating in a “new normal” since the annexation of Crimea, which prompted a rise in activity around the country’s airspace.

“Activity in the Baltic region and in this region is in a little bit elevated level, let’s put it that way. And of course, our eastern neighbor is actively doing things in Syria and eastern Ukraine. It has had some effects,” he said, adding that, “Things are relatively stable. We have good relations in all the directions.”

Nonetheless, the pilots of Kuopio Air Base keep busy. The installation is home to almost half of Finland’s 64 F/A-18C/Ds —Finnish air force officials declined to comment on the exact number of jets and pilots based there — but in a normal day, about 10 of those jets are flying three to four times, said Col. Timo Harranen, commander of Karelia Air Command, located at Kuopio.

“The activity has increased over the past five years,” he said. “We don’t fly more; our flight hours remain stable. But I would say we have slightly more operational flights and air policing flights.”

The Finnish Hornets have recently been modernized with new displays and weapons capability, and the new command and control infrastructure that has also been fielded over the past couple years is bearing fruit for operators.

“On the whole it’s easier and more efficient to distribute data to all players, and that’s what we are [hoping for],” Harranen said. “If a fighter sees something, he or she can distribute the data to other fighters and other command posts, and the data goes back and forth, for example.”

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