Here in Financial Regulation Matters we have looked at the issue of personal debt before, with posts ranging from the ever-growing crisis to the predatory lending that exists within the sector. In today’s post, we will be looking at the figures that have been released by a blog for Bank of England (BoE) staff — it is not a usual blog, but a vehicle for BoE staff to openly discuss certain policies and aspects that affect policies — that describe how the situation for everyday consumers is a cyclical, almost hopeless process that many stay trapped in for decades. This analysis will be counteracted by the news stories that receive plenty of attention in the media, with the aim being to illustrate how consumer confidence is almost enshrined within the modus operandi of the system, even in the face of opposing, and often devastating facts.
The news has been awash recently with stories about consumers operating more shrewdly in the credit markets (in relation to switching between better arrangements with credit cards etc.), or that the amount of credit consumption actually dropped in December which, according to the news represents hope in this particular marketplace. Furthermore, HMRC has moved to ban the use of credit cards for the payment of tax, which is supposedly aimed at reducing credit dependency. However, there are still many who point to the remarkable explosion of the credit bubble in the UK alone, with some pointing at recent figures which suggested that, as according to the Office of National Statistics, the bubble now stands at £392 billion and counting, with the additional warning that household debt could go past £20,000 by the end of this current Parliament. It is this type of statistic that correctly frames the results of a recent study by employees at the BoE — although not acting in that capacity — which suggests that nearly 90% of all outstanding credit is held by those who were also in debt two years earlier; the inference, quite clearly, is that these people are trapped in the credit cycle, and despite being able to transfer balances remain within the cycle.
The media was quick to pick up on the fact that of those in debt, the spike is not down to excessively risky borrowers — i.e. ‘sub-prime’ borrowers, but there was an acknowledgement that the stagnation in real earnings was having the obvious effect of keeping people within the credit cycle. One argument is that the time of year is having a disproportionate effect, with figures released recently that suggest that around 7.9 million Britons are likely to fall behind with their finances on account of spending in the run up to the Christmas period and, across the board and not including mortgage repayments, the average Briton now owes over £8,000. Yet, it is very easy to get lost or misguided by the semantics being used within the common narrative.
There has been plenty of talk about ‘credit binges’ and all the seasonal data referenced above points towards the problem of stagnation in terms of real income affecting people’s sensitivities to what they perceive as their ‘standard of living’; the inference being that people have become accustomed to a certain way of living and have not adjusted their budgets accordingly in the downturn. However, other figures suggest that this Conservative narrative portrays a reality that is little more than a falsehood, because last year there were record numbers using food banks, to use just one example. The obvious counter-argument is that not all of those using food banks account for all of those in debt, which is correct, but the reality of the situation is that more people than ever — in the modern era — are operating just above, or in many cases below, the so-called ‘breadline’. What this describes for us is the understanding that the so-called ‘average’ person is struggling to cope with the onslaught since the Crisis and, even a decade on, one of the largest instances of wealth extraction continues to significantly and negatively affect the poorer classes specifically. This reality is not that one that has been dreamed up by this author, but in fact comes from the mouth of the new Secretary for Work and Pensions in the U.K., Esther McVey. McVey, speaking just a few years ago, stating quite boldly that ‘in the U.K., it is right that more people are… going to food banks because as times are tough, we are all having to pay back this £1.5 trillion debt personally…’ which should, of course, remind of us of the equally remarkable comments made by Jacob Rees-Mogg. Whilst the wealth of the current cabinet has not been calculated yet, on account of it only reforming over the past few days, it is safe to say that it is comprised only, if not majoritively, of millionaires which leaves us with the disgusting reality, once again, of millionaires telling the public that it is right that they struggle even though the effect of systemic wealth extraction has damaged them disproportionately. McVey’s appointment is the latest in a long and continuing line of events that confirms that, for those suffering, the end is not in sight. With people trapped within the credit cycle, and many others forced to use food banks, despite often holding employment, the reality of the situation is that the people who can affect real change not only will not do so, but believe it is ‘right’ that this imbalance both exists and continues. Whilst many news stories impact society, it is the financial news which, arguably, presents the reality of the situation, if deciphered correctly — deciphering this current batch of financial news makes for depressing reading, unfortunately.
The Continuing Struggle with Debt: Focusing on the Real Stories was originally published in Financial Regulation Matters on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.