USA

Historical Events

In order to better understand the topic of gender inequality in sports, one must know about the historical events surrounding both gender inequality and sports as separate subjects. The various elements making up the historical events surrounding such issue are the civil rights movement, the women's movement, the 19th amendment, World War II, and Title IX.

The civil rights movement was “a mass popular movement to secure for African Americans equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges and rights of U.S. citizenship. Although the roots of the movement go back to the 19th century, it peaked in the 1950s and 1960s” (https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/teaching-content/civil-rights-movement-overview/). This element is important because it sparked the women’s rights movement. Moreover, the gender inequality present today, is similar to what it was like for African-Americans. By grasping knowledge around discrimination, readers of my research will be able to compare women and their struggle today, with those of slaves during the time of the civil rights movements.

The women’s rights movement is similar to the civil rights movement in that it was a fight toward gaining equality. In this case, however, it was strictly promoting women's rights. This element is important because it sprung the idea of women as equal; leading to the 19th amendment.

The 19th amendment “provides men and women with equal voting rights. The amendment states that the right of citizens to vote ‘shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex’ (http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/suffrage/history2.htm). It was a huge accomplishment for females everywhere and began giving women the same opportunities as men.

In World War II, women played a huge role at home. “When American women weren’t building airplanes, ships and munitions to aid in the war effort, others were entering the baseball field” (http://all-that-is-interesting.com/womens-baseball). A lot of people do not know that when thousands of men went to war in 1939, women baseball players were used as a distraction for those Americans still home. This is very crucial to my topic due to it illustrating the potential of women in sports.

Lastly, Title IX is “a federal law that states: ‘No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance’ (http://www.ncaa.org/about/resources/inclusion/title-ix-frequently-asked-questions). This element is one of the most important to my topic because it sparked women’s involvement in sports. Through this, the topic of gender inequality was made possible to speak up against.




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