In 2007, the opposition coalition disputed the electoral results after incumbent Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner sparking ethnic killings that left more than 1,200 people dead and 600,000 displaced from their homes.
So, why are most election results disputed in Kenya?
Lack of transparency
“Kenya’s electoral body has a record of not been transparent. They leave too much room for suspicion. They are not timely nor credible when it comes to releasing information,” Abdullahi Boru, a Nairobi-based analyst and researcher, told Al Jazeera.
“When the process is not transparent, it is easy to claim votes have been stolen,” Boru added.
Presidential hopefuls also spend a fortune from their own pockets to stand a chance.
Candidates are under a lot of pressure to come out on top at the end of the vote count.
“The stakes are too high. They have borrowed heavily to finance their campaigns. Campaign donors will have given them a lot of money too. Candidates feel they can’t lose,” Boru said.
“Laws to regulate funding to election campaigns needs to be put in place. This way the stakes will be lowered,” Njoki Ngumi, a political analyst, told Al Jazeera.
When Kenneth Matiba, who came second in the 1992 presidential election, ran for office, he was 70. Kibaki was 75 when he run for a second term in office in 2007. And Odinga who is the opposition flagbearer is 72.
Source: Al Jazeera News